Spanish properties modern, safe from earthquakes; the rest … unknown

What would happen in Spain with residential buildings occur if an earthquake like that of L’Aquila ? It seems difficult to foresee the consequences, especially if the epicenter occurs near a city, experts say . What is clear, at least on paper, it is that the blocks of flats built under the anti – seismic regulations 1994 and 2002 (incorporated in the Technical Building Code -CTE-) would be almost totally immune to disaster. The effects on raised above, unknown. Contrary to what one might think, skyscrapers are better prepared to withstand earthquakes.

“I have no doubt that Spain is ready 100% for it does not happen so in Italy. From given a similar quake would have only material damage. Only if the epicenter occurred in large cities and moving out of high density could be danger , “said Carlos Hernández Pezzi, President of the Superior Council of Colleges of Architects of Spain (CSCAE) . Pezzi justifies these statements noting that the legislation is continually renewed, which have made progress in concrete structures and studied the millimeter land.

Only about 10 buildings in L'Aquila, two or three new construction, collapsed |  Ap

‘If an earthquake of magnitude six occurs in a city, earthquake disaster kit the outcome would be very similar to that lived in Italy’

Less clear is what Patrick Murphy, architect and specialist in studies of seismic vulnerability of buildings . “The Spanish cities are very similar to the Italian and mainly old cases of these feature buildings that are obsolete from the point of view of seismic resistance. If an earthquake of a magnitude six were produced in an urban area, the outcome would be very similar , ” says Murphy after witnessing in person the catastrophe of L’Aquila.

Irish – born architect no doubt by stating that “the big jump in construction is produced with the 1994 regulations coming into force in 1996”. “The buildings constructed for 13 years have high guarantees to survive an earthquake like that of Italy , ” he says. Murphy is surprised that in L’Aquila of the approximately 10 properties that have sunk completely, two or three are newly built. “This will be talking about , ” he says.

Pezzi more explicit about which no doubt say that it shows “there has been some corruption” regarding building controls in Italy because ” it is not normal contemporary buildings have fallen”. And it starts circulating the rumor that in the Italian city has been used to sand beach to erect buildings.

Spain map of seismic risk, according to the latest standard of earthquake resistance of 2002.
Ampliar photo

Spain map of seismic risk, according to the latest standard of earthquake resistance of 2002.

The Mediterranean, the area most at risk

Spain has a seismic risk map that locates the Mediterranean area as the most vulnerable to tremors area. Thus, depending on the demarcation a method of work or other applies . “Where there is risk of earthquakes is being built with concrete structures quite efficient , ” says Pezzi. The main material also chosen in Japan, the country par excellence of earthquakes. “In Japan use more concrete than us because the demand is much higher standard , ” said Murphy confirming that anti – seismic regulations is increasingly common in all countries.

Beyond the material used, it should be noted that the skyscrapers , contrary to what might appear, are less vulnerable to earthquakes that low buildings. “It’s difficult for a fall height property than others as these are calculated elasticity for possible movements or strong winds , ” stresses Pezzi.
It is pointing in the same direction Murphy, who “after the highest and most complex building ever more creditworthy companies and professionals with greater control and studied projects.” Given these assumptions, the multiple skyscrapers of Benidorm, construction icon height in the Mediterranean, would not run any danger.

Continuous renewal rules

Following the recent catastrophic experience lived in L’Aquila, it seems that something will change. “The lessons learned in Italy will be applied in Spain. Maybe in 2010 we have a new law , ” Murphy explains, stressing that there is a Standing Committee of the Seismic Resistance Norm that handles be renewing the existing standard by introducing new knowledge and advanced materials that appear.

Due to Rain Baturaden European Bak Pasir when Mount Slamet erupts

Mount Slamet volcanic activity continues to occur and cause rain sand. Consequently tourist area Baturaden Purwokerto, Central Java, was covered with white ash like snow in the countries four seasons.

Kiki send photos entrance area was covered with ash travel to earthquake kit list .As a result of thick ash, a tourist area that was closed.

Hasil gambar untuk Dampak Letusan Gunung Krakatau yang Mendunia

“This afternoon it was quite thick but if now passable. It disappeared a little bit of,” said Kiki.

The distribution of the rain of sand going around Baturaden, Kelutug Lor village, the village of Donate Limpakuwus and because of its proximity to Mount Slamet. Residents also wear a mask when traveling.

With black sand rainfall in almost all parts of the town of Navan and the surrounding areas do not make people panic. Residents continue to perform despite the evening activities must wear a mask or scarf while driving a motor vehicle.

If the volcano erupts’s Largest, 2/3 Will America Destroyed

The volcano in Yellowstone National Park, in northwestern Wyoming, United States, is showing signs of unusual activity.

According to the United States Geological Survey, the plains in the region has been rising at a speed of three inches or about 7.6 centimeters per year in the last three years. This growth was the highest since records began in 1923.

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“The growth of these heights is very unusual because it occurred in such a vast area and at a very high speed,” said Robert Smith, a professor of geophysics at the University of Utah, as reported by the Daily Mail .

Initially, Smith said he was worried that this phenomenon will lead to the eruption of the volcano. “However, we found that magma beneath the region is now in a depth of 10 kilometers, so we do not panic,” he said.

Even so, Smith said, if magma continues to rise by only 2 to 3 kilometers of the surface of the ground, that’s when US citizens need to be really worried.

As is known, the mountains in Yellowstone National Park had twice as powerful erupted around 1.3 million years ago and about 642 thousand years ago.

Last erupted, it spewed dust to a height of 30 thousand feet or about 9,100 meters and the dust has closed the region ranging from the western United States to the Gulf of Mexico.

The researchers predicted that if the phenomenon of rising ground in the region continues, this super volcano could potentially erupt in the near future. If to erupt, then two-thirds of the United States will no longer be habitable.

Unfortunately, due to lack of data held on the last eruption, researchers can not predict when the next natural disaster will occur.

To be sure, the massive eruption of the mountain is going to make eruption of Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland in April 2010 (which could damage worldwide flight schedule) to appear very small scale.

Alert, Region’s Potential Extreme Weather

Extreme weather predikasi will still occur in some areas in Indonesia. Data from the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) shows the extreme weather is predicted to include heavy rain, lightning, high waves and strong winds, www.whatcausesearthquakes.com

1. Heavy rains could potentially occur in Riau, Aceh, North Sumatra, Jambi, South Sumatra, Banten, West Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Borneo, Bali, Nusa Tenggara west, East Nusa Tenggara, North Sulawesi, Gorontalo, Central Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Papua.

2. Thunderstorm, could potentially occur in Riau, Kepulauan Riau, Jambi, South Sumatra, Lampung, Banten, Jabodetabek, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara.

3. A strong wind, has the potential to happen in South Sumatra, Lampung, Yogyakarta, East Java, Central Kalimantan, West Sulawesi.

4. Wave Height (> 2.5 meters) could potentially occur in the South Indian Ocean region South of Central Java to Bali.

5. Natural disasters: a potentially heavy rains could potentially occur in Riau, Aceh, North Sumatra, West Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, most of Borneo, Bali, NTB, NTT, most of Sulawesi and Papua can cause inundation, flooding, landslides and wind tight.